Modern Pentathlon is an Olympic sport that combines five different sports:
- Pistol Shooting
- 200 meters freestyle Swimming
- Show jumping on horseback
- 3 km Cross country running
It was introduced in the Stockholm Olympics in 1912 as an individual event, and the belief was that this composition of events will test the moral qualities of an athlete as well as his physical abilities and skills, thus producing a full athlete. Pentathlon in the ancient Olympic Games included long jump, javelin throw, discus throw, foot race, and wrestling.