Probably the most famous work of Picasso, Guernica is certainly his most powerful political statement, painted as a direct reaction to the catastrophic episodic bombing of the Nazi organization in the Basque city of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.
Picasso created this painting in 1937. Guernica presents the tragedy of the war and the misery it brings to people, especially to innocent citizens. This work is a constant reminder of war tragedies, a symbol of war and an embodiment of peace.
Upon completion, Guernica appeared all over the world on a short tour, which became famous and widely recognized. This tour helped give the Spanish Civil War the attention of the world. The lack of color intensifies the drama, producing a reportage quality as in a photographic record.
Guernica is blue, black and white, 3.5 meters (11 ft) tall and 7.8 meters (25.6 ft) wide, a mural-size canvas painted in oil. This painting is at Museo Reina Sofia in Madrid.